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A Guide to Coffee Brewing Basics

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Ever since the American war for independence, when drinking tea became unpatriotic, coffee has been a popular drink in these United States.  Like anything, you enjoy a high quality cup of coffee more.  Here is a guide to coffee brewing basics.

The Equipment

The ways to brew a cup of coffee are myriad, from the ever popular drip coffee maker to a French Press, to high-tech machines that look like something out of a science laboratory.  Here is a Huffington Post article which tests 9 types of coffee-making equipment to help you decide which suits you best.  Which you choose will depend on your taste, lifestyle, and budget.

What is important after selecting the brewing method is to keep it clean.  Remove coffee residue after each use and remove scale as recommended by the manufacturer.

The Beans

Naturally, the quality of the finished coffee will depend largely on the quality of the beans you use.  Mega-brands that roast beans in bulk have little control over the end quality.  Coffee beans should come from quality growers, be hand selected, and roasted in small batches. Every pound we roast at Green Dragon we do so under a watchful eye, constantly checking temperature and the speed of the roast, waiting for the sounds and smells of each particular bean.

The Water

The water you use effects flavor too.  Heavily chlorinated water will carry that chlorine flavor into your coffee.  Some well water adds "rusty" flavor.  Properly filtered bottled water is free of these flavors, use this if your tap water is unsuitable.  Avoid softened and distilled water.


For the best flavor, use coffee beans that are freshly roasted and grind them yourself as you have need.  A burr style coffee mill produces more uniformly sized grounds than a blade cutter.  Grind what you need as you need it: no more than a couple of days worth at a time.

Store unused beans and ground coffee in air-tight, opaque containers.  Do not store coffee in the refrigerator; the fridge is the nemesis of good coffee.  Store coffee for long-term use (bulk beans for example) in a sealed, dry container in the freezer.

Where to get great beans

Now that you know the basics of brewing great coffee, you need a source for great beans. Contact us to explore the variety of regional flavors and roasts that Green Dragon Roasters offers.


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